Here's What We Know about the COVID Vaccine

Articles , COVID-19 Resources ,

COVID Vaccination

Anticipation for the COVID-19 vaccine is quickly growing following the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) December
11 approval of an emergency use authorization for the first vaccine candidate. Healthcare workers across the country received the first doses just days later, but many are questioning where they, or their profession, falls in the vaccine distribution plan.


The same is true for the apartment industry. Since the COVID-19 pandemic hit the U.S. in March 2020, residential property management staff have been on the frontlines, keeping their residents safe at home and ensuring rental housing remains operational. These industry professionals are doing important work as essential workers and should be given priority in the next phase of the vaccination program. Maintenance professionals, many of whom are
people of color and have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19, are in most need of protection from the virus, given their close contact with residents in their homes.


At the highest levels, federal agencies have been coordinating with manufacturers on the production and delivery of the vaccine for months through Operation Warp Speed, andnow millions of doses are being distributed to the states, upon the FDA’s issuance of an emergency use authorization. For its part, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommendations to states for the initial phases of the COVID-19 vaccination program. In Phase 1a, health care personnel and residents of long-term care facilities were prioritized for vaccination. On December 20, the ACIP approved its recommendations for the next phases of the vaccination program, by a vote of 13 to 1.


In phase 1b, the ACIP recommends that “frontline essential workers” and persons 75 years and older be prioritized next in the distribution of the limited supply of vaccine doses. The term “frontline essential worker” is defined to include: fire fighters, police officers, corrections officers, food and agricultural workers, Postal Service workers, manufacturing workers, grocery store workers, public transit workers, those who work in the education sector (teachers, and support staff), as well as daycare workers. In phase 1c, the ACIP recommends
prioritization of "other essential workers", adults 65 to 74, and adults 16 to 64 with high risk medical conditions.


The National Apartment Association is awaiting more guidance from the CDC as the ACIP’s recommendations do not become official until they are published in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. While "other essential workers" seems vague, it is likely that the CDC will defer to Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) guidance to identify the critical populations of essential workers that should be prioritized in phase 1c. In light of National Apartment Association (NAA) and National Multi Housing Council (NMHC) advocacy, CISA guidance already acknowledges that apartment communities are part of our nation’s critical infrastructure and the essential work that rental housing professionals provide, including:

  • Workers responsible for the leasing of residential properties to provide individuals and families with ready access to available housing.
  • Workers responsible for handling property management, maintenance, and related service calls who can coordinate the response to emergency “at-home” situations requiring immediate attention, as well as facilitate the reception of deliveries, mail, and other necessary services.

Given that Phase 1c populations include upwards of 129 million Americans, it is vital that the NAA affiliate network continue their advocacy in the states to ensure that property management staff are given priority in distribution of the vaccine as they are the ultimate decisionmakers. The CDC's guidance is influential but not binding. Even with all of the federal government’s planning, initial allocations of the vaccine will fall short in terms of vaccinating tens of millions of frontline workers and high risk Americans, and states already have plans for set asides within CDC’s broad categorizations to meet their own unique needs. According to the New York Times, Arkansas, for example, has proposed including workers in its large poultry
industry, while Colorado wants to include ski industry workers who live in congregate housing.

The Atlantic cites research in their reporting which found 70 percent of American workers can be defined as essential and 42 percent as frontline workers that directly interact with the public. This makes it all the more challenging for the countless lobbyists and advocacy organizations that are vying for dedicated allocations of the vaccine for their industry. We must build a groundswell of support for the rental housing industry to separate us from the crowded field.


To assist the NAA afiliate network in their advocacy efforts, NAA has put together a letter template to use as a starting point for reaching out to your appropriate state agency. For more information, contact Nicole Upano, Director of Public Policy.